Protoform: MASI.1 [AN] Sour, acid, fermented (of vegetable food); vegetable food preserved by fermentation

Description: Sour, acid, fermented (of vegetable food); vegetable food preserved by fermentation
Reconstruction: Reconstructs to AN: Austronesian
Notes:

*4 POC *masi(t) 'smell bad; bad smell; sour, acid, fermented' (LPO V:509).
*41 POC *ma-qasin "be salty, sharp (of taste)" (LPO I:159;II: 68).
*5 PMP *ma8qasin "salty" (ACD).
*51 PMP *ma9sit 'vile smell' (ACD).
*6 PAN *qasiN "saltiness, salty taste" (ACD).
*61 PAN *kama(9)(cs)i "Breadfruit/fermented Breadfruit"(Ply. 1973)*
*8 Note: PUK metathesis is matched by other forms e.g. yalo < *laso.

Pollex entries:

Language Reflex Description Source
East Futuna Masi Acid, fermented, preserved by fermenting (Bgs)
East Uvea Mahi Fermented preserved Breadfruit or bananas (Rch)
Fijian Masimasi/a Wind-spoiled Breadfruit (Cpl)
Fijian Masima Salt Problematic (Cpl)
Kapingamarangi Mahi Breadfruit preserved in pits (Lbr)
Luangiua Masi Fermented taro; pudding (Smd)
Mangareva Maʔi/maʔi Nourriture cuite conservée pour le lendemain, afin qu'elle soit meileure (se dit aussi des viandes et du poisson) (Rch)
Mangareva Koko/maʔi/ Nourriture de fruits à pain avortés, mais parvenus à maturité (Rch)
Marquesas Mahi/kohaʔahaʔa Qui empeste (Dln)
Marquesas Ko/mahi/ Very ripe, of Breadfruit (Dln)
New Zealand Maori Mahi/mahi Rotten, putrid (Wms)
New Zealand Maori Maahi/i Fermented (Wms)
Nuguria Masi/na Salz Problematic (Ths)
Nuguria M/mahi Sour, fermented, bad (of food) (Dvl)
Nukuoro Masi To scrape or peel breadfruit when the breadfruit is ripe (Crl)
Nukuoro M/masi The ripened condition of the fruit of the pandanus (when the keys begin to fall) (Crl)
Nukuoro Masi Bad-smelling (Crn)
Pukapuka Yami A dish made of decayed coconut (Bge)
Rapa Maʔi Ancient way of using taro, by fermenting in a pit... (MCl)
Rarotongan Maʔi Fermented Breadfruit ; acid, fermented (Bse)
Rennellese Masi Pudding, as of taro, bananas or %geemugi| (Ebt)
Rotuman Masi Salt (Cwd)
Samoan Masi Acid, fermented; Breadfruit preserved by fermenting (Prt)
Tahitian Mahi Fruit de l'arbre à pain fermenté, conservé dans une fosse (Lmt)
Takuu Masi Acid, fermented (Hwd)
Tikopia Masi Acid; fermented paste of taro or Breadfruit (Fth)
Tongan Mahi Sour, astringent (Cwd)
Tongan Mahe Acid, sour, tart (Mar)
Vaeakau-Taumako Mahi Fermented breadfruit, pit with fermented breadfruit, portion of fermented breadfruit Phonologically Irregular (Hvn)
West Futuna Masi (ANI) Rather bitter (Dty)
West Futuna X/masi (WFU) Bitter, undrinkable (of water) (Cpl)

31 entries found

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