Protoform: MALA.5 [NP] Sour, bitter

Description: Sour, bitter
Reconstruction: Reconstructs to NP: Nuclear Polynesian
Notes:

*4 POC *mara "be spoiled, foul (of food or drink)" (LPO I:159).
*41 PCEMP *madar "ripe, overripe" (Bst. 1993a).
*5 PEM *mada "ripe, soft" (Bst.1978).
*1 Cf. PPN *mara "fermented food"

Pollex entries:

Language Reflex Description Source
Hawaiian Mala Sour (as fermented sweet-potato) (Pki)
Ifira-Mele M/mara Sour, bitter, salty, hot (in taste), unsweetened (tea) (Clk)
Kapingamarangi M/mala Bitter, salty (Lbr)
Luangiua Mala Nasty (taste) (Hbn)
Luangiua Mala Bitter (Smd)
Luangiua Mala Bitter (Smd)
Mangaia Mara Bitter (Bse)
Mangareva Ma/mara Aigre, piquant au gout, acide (Rch)
Nuguria Ma/mara Bitter (Ray)
Nuguria M/mara Bitter (natu fruits, banana, sea water), salty (taste, not smell) (Dvl)
Nukumanu M/mara Salty (taste); bitter; sour (Trt)
Nukuoro M/mala Bitter, sour (Crl)
Penrhyn Mara(mara) Unpleasant to the taste, bitter; not fresh, brackish (Sta)
Rennellese Maga Bitter, sour, peppery (Ebt)
Tahitian Ma(ra)/mara Aigri, tourné, se dit des oranges tombées, du poisson cru...dont le gout est altéré par un début de fermentation (Lmt)
Tahitian Mara The old name for the ava plant (Dvs)
Takuu M/mara Bitter (esp. of stored giant taro corms that have gone bad); (of spirits or tobacco) strong; (of alcohol) fermented; (of smoke, salt water etc. in one's eyes) irritating, stinging, painful, fermented (Mle)
Tokelau Ma/mala Bitter or harsh in the mouth (Sma)
Vaeakau-Taumako Mala Sour, salty, bitter (Ray)

19 entries found

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