Protoform: MAKAKA [PN] Stiff, hard; obstinate, vigorous

Description: Stiff, hard; obstinate, vigorous
Reconstruction: Reconstructs to PN: Polynesian
Notes:

*1 Cf. PN *ma-keke "strong", *pakaka "stiff"

Pollex entries:

Language Reflex Description Source
Kapingamarangi Magaga Stiff (e.g. muscular soreness, stiffness) (Lbr)
Luangiua Maʔa Hard (Smd)
Marquesas Makaka Méchant, mauvais, scélérat, pervers... Problematic (Dln)
Niue Makaka Firm-footed (in climbing etc.) ; proficient, expert, Skilful, good at something (Sph). (McE)
Nuguria Maakaka Hard (not soft), strong (Dvl)
Nukuoro Maagaga Industrious (Crl)
Nukuoro Makaga Hard (solid) (Crl)
Nukuoro Magakaga Firmly attached (Crl)
Rennellese Maakaka Strong, vigorous (Ebt)
Samoan Maʔaʔa Hard to break; tense, stiff; obstinate (Prt)
Sikaiana Makka Tight, taut, strained (as a fishing line that is being pulled in) (Dnr)
Takuu Makkaa (of a rope) Taut; (of a person) strong, healthy (Mle)
Tokelau Makaka (Of leaves, twigs etc.) very dry (and brittle), parched; obstinate, stubborn (Sma)
Tongan Makaka Somewhat stiff; rough in speech or behaviour (Cwd)
Tuamotu Makaka Cracked, flaked, warped, twisted Problematic (Stn)

15 entries found

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