Protoform: KUMI.3A [MP] Squeeze in the hand, grasp

Description: Squeeze in the hand, grasp
Reconstruction: Reconstructs to MP: Malayo-Polynesian
Notes:

*0 >> CE *kumu.1 "express, wring out"
*1 Cf. PN *kuku.1a "grasp, hold in the hand", *kukumi "strangle"
*3 PEO *gumi "grasp in fist, clench fist" (LPO I:285).
*4 POC *gumu(t) "hold tight" (LPO I:285).
*5 PMP *(g,k)emel "take in the hand, clasp, grasp" (ACD).
*7 PWMP *kemkem "hold in the fist" (ACD).
*8 Note: ? SAM, having lost *kumi has reinterpreted `uumia as the passive of *kuku.1 "grasp, hold in the hand".

Pollex entries:

Language Reflex Description Source
Anuta Ku/kumi Squeeze or compress something between the hands, as in expressing coconut cream without the aid of hibiscus fibre strainer (Fbg)
East Futuna Ku/kumi Squeeze with hands, grasp (Bgs)
East Uvea Ku/kumi Squeeze strongly (Rch)
Emae Kumi/a To grasp (Cpl)
Fijian Qumi/a Clench, grasp in fist (Cpl)
Kapingamarangi Kumi Grab, grasp, handle, obtain (Lbr)
Luangiua (ʔ)Umi Squeeze (Smd)
Marquesas Ku/kumi Kill (Dln)
Nuguria K/kumi Press (Dvl)
Nuguria Kumi/kumi Massage (vt) (Dvl)
Nukumanu Kumi/kumi Coconut bast, used for expressing coconut cream (Fbg)
Nukumanu Kumi/kumi Press (wine) (Trt)
Nukuoro Kumi Squeeze by grabbing (Crl)
Rarotongan Ku/kumi-ʔia Wrestle, maul somebody about, assault (esp. a woman), rape; wrestling (Bse)
Rarotongan Kuumia A passive form of kukumi (Bse)
Rennellese Ku/kumi Clench, squeeze, shut, as scissors (Ebt)
Rennellese Kumi/kumi Knead, press compactly, massage, clench; control, regulate, pacify (Ebt)
Rotuman ʔUmi Be caught in a trap, on a hook, nail etc. (Cwd)
Samoan ʔUumia Passive of `u`u "hold, grip, clutch" (Prt)
Sikaiana K/kumi Press hard, massage (Dnr)
Sikaiana Kumi Squeeze, as in squeezing out liquid from cloth or fruit (Dnr)
Tahitian ʔU/ʔumi Presser, tenir serré (le bras, le cou...), peser sur (Lmt)
Takuu K/kumi Squeeze, pinch the nose (e.g. while underwater), clench the fist, express liquid (Mle)
Tikopia Ku/kumi/ Squeeze, express, press (Fth)
Tokelau Kuma Squeeze something repeatedly in the hand or hands Phonologically Irregular (Sma)
Tongan Kuumi/a Clench, grasp in fist (Cwd)
Tuvalu Ku/kumi Squeeze (Rby)
Vaeakau-Taumako Kumi/a Hold tight (Hvn)
Vaeakau-Taumako Khumi, kumi Wrestle, fight (Hvn)
Waya Qumu-a Grasp something in hand or claw (Ply)
West Futuna Kumi/a To squeeze, grasp; wrestle. Pousser, presser, serrer (Rve). (Dty)
West Futuna Kum/kumi-a To mould the head and stretch the limbs of an infant (Cpl)
West Futuna Kumi/eifo To press down (Cpl)
West Uvea Ku/kumi, kumi/a Prendre, saisir, empoigner, serrer, attraper, s'agripper, toucher (Hmn)

34 entries found

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