Protoform: KUMALA.1 [LO] Sweet Potato (Ipomoea)

Description: Sweet Potato (Ipomoea)
Reconstruction: Reconstructs to LO: LO

*8 Note. It is possible that all forms outside of EP are borrowings as there are no early references to the plant in western Polynesia. Loss of m in kVmV is recorded for a few MIA words, e.g. kuete < *kumete, koani < *komani.

Pollex entries:

Language Reflex Description Source
East Futuna Kumala Sweet Potato (Ipomoea) (?, I) Borrowed (Mfr)
East Uvea Kumala Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas) (Rch)
Easter Island Kuumara Sweet Potato (Ipomoea) (Fts)
Emae Kumala Sweet Potato Problematic (Cpl)
Fijian Kumala Sweet Potato (Ipomoea) () Problematic (Cpl)
Gilbertese Kumara (Ipomoea batatas) (Whr)
Hawaiian ʔU(w)ala Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas) Problematic (Pki)
Mangaia Kuuʔara The Mangaian name for sweet potato (Whr)
Mangareva Kuumara Sweet Potato (Rch)
Marquesas Kuumaʔa (MQN), ʔuumaʔa (MQS) Sweet Potato (Ipomoea) (Dln)
Moriori Pakamara Sweet potato Problematic (Shd)
New Zealand Maori Kuumara Sweet Potato (Ipomoea) (Wms)
Niue Ti/mala/ Sweet Potato (Ipomoea) Problematic (Sph)
Penrhyn Kumara Sweet Potato (Sta)
Rapa Kumara Sweet potato (Ipomea batatas) (Sks)
Rarotongan Kuumara Sweet Potato (Ipomoea) (Bse)
Rennellese Kumala A kind of panna said to have been introduced to Rennell in about 1920; sweet potatoes; considered a Solomons word Borrowed (Ebt)
Rotuman Kumara Sweet Potato Borrowed (Cwd)
Samoan ʔUmala Sweet Potato (Batatas) (Prt)
Sikaiana Kumala Sweet Potato (Sps)
Tahitian Umara Sweet potatoes (Dvs)
Tahitian ʔUmara Patate douce (Batatas edulis) (Lmt)
Tahitian Uara The Hawaiian species of sweet Potato Problematic (Lmt)
Tikopia Kumara Sweet potato (Drd)
Tokelau Kumala Sweet Potato, introduced from Samoa Problematic (Whr)
Tongan Kumala Sweet potato (Cwd)
Tongan Goomala The sweet potatoe (Mar)
Tuamotu Kumara Sweet-potato (Stn)
Vaeakau-Taumako Kumara Sweet potato Problematic (Hvn)
West Futuna Kamala Sweet Potato or similar root crop Problematic (Dty)
West Futuna Kumaua Sweet Potato or similar root crop Problematic (Dty)
West Futuna Kumala Sweet Potato or similar root crop Problematic (Dty)
West Uvea Kumala Patate douce (Ipomoea batatas) (Hmn)

33 entries found

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