Protoform: FIRI.1 [MP] Braid (i.e. interlace three or more flexible elements to form e.g. a rope), a technique sometimes referred to as plaiting)

Description: Braid (i.e. interlace three or more flexible elements to form e.g. a rope), a technique sometimes referred to as plaiting)
Reconstruction: Reconstructs to MP: Malayo-Polynesian
Notes:

*4 POC *piri "plait a cord, twist, wrap around" (LPO I:84,286)
*5 PMP *piri(c,t) "twist, plait" (Bst.1970).
*7 PBN *viri "encircle, put round, turn round" (Lvy. 1979).

Pollex entries:

Language Reflex Description Source
Anuta Pi/pii, pii/ni To braid or plait sennit cord (Fbg)
Anuta Pi/pii/ngia Busy (Fbg)
Anuta Piri/piri Sacred necklet, worn by chiefs or persons who are the object of some special honor (Fbg)
Bugotu Viri Twisted, tangled (Ivs)
East Futuna Fili Plait, braid (Mfr)
East Uvea Fii Frise; tresser Problematic (Btn)
Easter Island Hiri To braid, plait, tress (Kvt)
Emae Firi/a To braid (Cpl)
Fijian Viri/bale Cross one thing over another (Cpl)
Hawaiian Hili Braid or plait (Pki)
Ifira-Mele Firi/a Roll seenit (Clk)
Kapingamarangi Hili Lash (Lbr)
Kwaraʔae Firi Twist, braid (Shn)
Lau Firi Tie, twist (Ivs)
Luangiua Hili Weave; pig pen; shelf in house (Smd)
Luangiua Hili/ŋa Finishing off mat (Smd)
Luangiua Hiʔi Plait mat Phonologically Irregular (Smd)
Mangareva ʔIri Tresser; faire de la tresse en faisant des cordes et de la ficelle; cordage d'un radeau (Rch)
Mangareva ʔIri/ʔiri Filet pour attraper les tortues; aller à la pêche à la tortue (Rch)
Mangareva ʔIri i ooʔo Tresse de cheveux; plaited hair. (Chf)
Manihiki-Rakahanga Firi Plaiting technique (Bck)
Manihiki-Rakahanga Hiri Three-ply braid (Bck)
Marquesas Hiʔi (MQN), fiʔi (MQS) Plait, braid. Entortiller, enrouler, s'enrouler; large tresse de bourre de coco. (Dln)
Marquesas Fiʔi (MQS), hiʔi, hiki (MQN) S'accoler, s'attacher, s'entrelacer; arrêter, border une natte (Lch)
Marquesas Ko/fiʔi Embrouillé, mêlé; nid d'oiseau (Lch)
Marquesas Po/fiʔi Embrouillé, enchevêtré. entortillé (Lch)
Marquesas Pu/fiʔi/fiʔi Ebouriffé, emmêlé (Lch)
Marquesas Fiʔi te ouoho (MQS) Tresse de cheveux; plaited hair (Gty)
Marquesas Ko/hiʔi (MQN), ko/fiʔi (MQS) Avoir des problèmes; be worried, be in trouble (emmêlé, embrouillé; tangled, confused) (Chf)
New Zealand Maori Whiri-a Braid (rope, cordage) (Bgs)
Nggela Viri Entangled; bind round and round (Fox) (Fox)
Nguna Viri Braid (Stz)
Niue Fili Plait, twist Phonologically Irregular (McE)
Niue Faa fii Coastal pandanus (Pandanus odoratissimus), considered the best variety for general weaving (Sph)
Nuguria (H)hiri (sing. object), hiri/hiri (pl. object) Braid (hair, mats, baskets) (Dvl)
Nukumanu S/siri Twist Phonologically Irregular (Trt)
Nukuoro Hili Make a nest Uncertain Semantic Connection (Crl)
Penrhyn Hiri Braid the hair; plait, twist (Sta)
Pukapuka Wili Ply (in cordage) ; plait ; braid, twist sennit strands (Sby)
Raʔivavae Hiri To braid; braided (Stn)
Rarotongan ʔIri-a, -ʔia Plait, braid, twine (Bse)
Rennellese Higi Braid, lash, twist (Ebt)
Rotuman Hiri To plait (three strands) (Cwd)
Samoan Fili Plait, braid (Prt)
Sikaiana Hili Lash; wooden slats of house walling made from pandanus root (Dnr)
Tahitian Firi Tresser en longueur (Lmt)
Tahitian Firi To plait, as sinnet, human hair, &c. (Dvs)
Takuu F/firi Braid, plait (Hwd)
Takuu Hiri, f/firi (of hair, sennit cord) Braid, plait; fence, enclosure (Mle)
Tikopia Fi/firi/ Necklet, plait (hair only) (Fth)
Tokelau Fili Braid, plait (coconut leaves, sennit, hair, etc.) (Sma)
Tongan Fii Twist or plait two or more threads together; plait hair, a pigtail (Cwd)
Tongan Fi To twist, to plait (Mar)
Tuamotu Firi Plait, braid (Stn)
Tuamotu Hiri To wind -round, -about; as a belt, band, rope (Stn)
Tuamotu Hiri Weave, twist (Stn)
Tuvalu Fili To string, as a lei, etc (Rby)
Vaeakau-Taumako Hili/a Braid, plait (ropes) (Hvn)
Vaeakau-Taumako Fili To plait (Lch)
West Futuna Firi-a To braid or plait; a braid or braided piece of rope. Joindre les deux cotés de la feuille tressée (Rve). (Dty)
West Uvea Fili-a Natter, tresser (Hmn)
West Uvea Fili/fili Ramifications d'une plante (Hmn)

62 entries found

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